APA Citations

APA Basics

  • Your final product for your list of sources using APA is a Reference page. It looks like THIS
  • Basic order in APA citation:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Author’s Last name,  first initial. (Publication date).  Title.  City of                          publication, province/state: Publisher.

example:  Brown, T. (2016). The story of photosynthesis. Toronto, ON: Scholastic.

  • Basic order of an internet source:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Author’s Last name, first initial.  (Posting date).  Page Title.                         Retrieved (Access Date) from website address                                                                                             
  • Basic order of a database source:

       Author.  (Publication date) Article Title. Title of Publication,  vol,               pages. Retrieved (Access Date) from the homepage database URL                                                 

example: Smith, J. (2016). Photosynthesis. Science Today, 5(6), 11-15. Retrieved April 12, 2016, from http://ic.galegroup.com

BibMe : Use BibMe’s Citation Guide and Bibliography Maker.

BOOK WITH ONE AUTHOR
Wilson, M. R. (2010). Frequently asked questions about how the teen brain works. New York: Rosen.

Author’s last name, first initial. (latest publishing date). Title of book in italics. City of publication, (if city is not well known give province or state (abbrev.): Publisher.

 

BOOK WITH TWO TO FIVE AUTHORS

 

Schwarcz, J., & Berkoff, F. (2004). Foods that harm, foods that heal: An A – Z guide to safe and healthy eating. Montreal: Reader’s Digest.

First author’s last name, first initial., & second author’s name in the same order. Title of book in italics. City of publication, province or state (abbrev.) or country (unless city is well known): Publisher.

*Tip: list the authors in the same order for more than two, just put the ampersand “&” before the last author given.

 

BOOK WITH MORE THAN FIVE AUTHORS
Canfield, J. et al..(2004). Chicken soup for the teenage soul IV. Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications.

First author’s last name, first initial. et al. ( latest publishing date) Title of book in italics. City of publication, province or state (abbrev.) or country: Publisher.

 

BOOK WITH AN EDITOR

 

Piehl, N. (Ed.). (2009). Bullying. Detroit: Greenhaven Press.

Editor’s last name, first initial. (Ed.). (date of publication). Title of book in italics. City of publication, province or state (abbrev.) or country: Publisher.

*Tip: for more that one editor write (Eds.)

*If the book is a second (or higher)  or revised edition, note the edition after the title.

example: Piehl, N. (Ed.). (2009). Bullying. (2nd ed.). Detroit: Greenhaven Press.

example: Piehl, N. (Ed.). (2009). Bullying. (Rev. ed.). Detroit: Greenhaven Press.

 

BOOK WITH NO AUTHOR

 

Reader’s Digest illustrated great world atlas. (1997). Toronto: Reader’s Digest.

Title of the book in italics. (latest publishing date). City of publication: Publisher.

 

ENCYCLOPEDIAS (with more than one volume)

 

McKeen, W. (2005). Rap music. In World Book. (Vol. 13, pp. 235-240). Chicago: World Book.

Author’s last name, first name. (Date of Publication). Title of the article. In Title of the encyclopedia in italics. (Volume, pages). City of Publication: Publisher.

 

ENCYCLOPEDIA, NO AUTHOR

Architects. (2003). In Encyclopedia of careers and vocational guidance. (Vol. 2, pp. 148-151). Chicago: Ferguson.

Title of the article. (Date of publication). In Title of the encyclopedia in italics. (Volume, pages). Place of publication: Publisher.

 

MAGAZINE
Geddes, J. (2005, February) Psychedelic, baby! Maclean’s, 118, 42-43.

Author’s last name, initial of first name. (Complete date as given: year, month, day) Title of the article. Title of magazine in italics. Volume (issue number if given), page(s) used.

*TIP: More than one author? See the examples for multiple book authors above.

 

MAGAZINE ONLINE
Rosen, A. (2010, September). A beginner’s guide to pressure cookers. Cooking Light, 24. Retrieved February 24, 2011, from http://www.cookinglight.com/cooking-101/techniques/pressure-cookers-guide-00412000068019/

Author’s last name, first and middle initials. (year, month day). Title of article. Title of magazine in italics, vol (issue number if available), page numbers. Retrieved month day, year, from url address.

NEWSPAPER

Macleod, M. (2005, May 16). Reading the bottom line. The Hamilton Spectator, p. A16.

Chung, A. (2011, March 3). Frozen guinea pig find puts Orangeville business on ice. Toronto Star, pp. A1, A14.

Author’s last name, first name and initials. (year, month day). Title of article. Title of newspaper in italics. pp. Section and page number(s).

*Tip: If the author is not given, start with the article title and move the parenthesis with year and month and day. Use “p.” for single page and “pp.” for pages.

 

COMPUTER SOFTWARE – CD-ROM
Grillo, Laura. (2001). African religions. Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia Deluxe. [CD-ROM] Toronto: Microsoft.

Author’s last name, first initial. (Date) Title of article. Title of software in italics. [CD-ROM] City of publication: Publisher.

 

ONLINE ENCYCLOPEDIA

Ross-Flanigan, N. (2004). Eating disorders. In The Gale encyclopedia of science. Retrieved November 1, 2010, from:

http://galeencyclopedia.com/test2345.

 

Author’s last name, first initial. (Date) Title of article. Title of the encyclopedia in italics. Retrieved date, from URL.

 

INTERNET

 

with author
Robey, J. (2004, June 24). Swimming lions. Animal discovery. Retrieved November 1, 2010,       from http://animal.discovery.com/fansites/wildkingdom/lions/field/field.html

with no author and no publishing date

Huntington’s Disease – Diagnosis and treatment options at Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved March 9, 2011, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/huntingtons-disease/

 

Author’s last name, first initial. (year, month day). Title of documentName of the website in italics. Retrieved month day, year, from address of site

*Tip: if there is no author given, give the publishing date after the title of the document and before the name of the site.

 

VIRTUAL LIBRARY / DATABASES

 

Arenofsky, J. (1997, December). Teen suicide. Current Health 2, 24, 16. Retrieved March 6, 2011, from the Health Source- Consumer Edition database.

Road salt pollutes Ohio drinking water. (2011, January 11). Road & Bridges, 49, 16-17. Retrieved March 6, 2011, from the Science Reference Centre database.

 

Title of article. (year, month day). Title of periodical in italics, volume, pages. Retrieved month day, year, from the database.

 

ONLINE NEWSPAPER
Walters, J. (2008, September 23). Out of control: Why have hundreds died? TheSpec.Com. Retrieved November 2005, from http://www.thespec.com/news/cdifficile/article/261045

Author’s last name, initial(s). (Year, Month day). Title of the article. Title of the Newspaper in Italics. Retrieval date: URL

 

NON-PRINT (VIDEO OR AUDIO RECORDINGS, CD-ROMS, ETC.)
Arad, Avi. (Producer).(2004). Spiderman 2. [Motion Picture] USA: Columbia.

Producer’s last name, initial(s). (Personnel type). (date). Title of the work in italics. [format] Country: Production company.

 

*A special thanks to the Calgary Board of Education for their APA style guide References and Citations in Text: Formats For Student Research, and to BibMe.com.

 

 

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